Current & Archive

    From Editors

    This issue of the Journal of Corporate Responsibility and Leadership (JCR&L) integrates theoretical, research, educational and practical aspects associated with the ideas of corporate social responsibility. It includes the papers dealing with the development of the CSR concept and theories, theoretical assumptions and practical implementation of the concept of Creating Shared Value, state of the art in the research field related to the idea of a sustainable enterprise/organisation, non-financial reporting of Warsaw Stock Exchange indexed companies and postgraduate CSR education in Poland.

    Tags:
    Vol. 5, No. 2, Art. 1

     

    Post-graduate Managerial Education in the Field of CSR

     

    Anna Komarnicka, Łukasz Kośmicki

     

    Purpose: Article shall review the competency development opportunities and managerial education in CSR-related activities. Based on the review of available postgraduate studies in the field of CSR in Poland, the aim of this paper is to identify the key success factors and challenges in this area. Moreover, the specific aim of the paper is to assess the curricula of selected postgraduate courses in the context of implementation of social responsibility core subjects in accordance with ISO 26,000. Design/methodology/approach: The research objectives were achieved by: reviewing and analysing articles and the Internet sources. Moreover, in the research process, there were applied brief telephone interviews with selected HR staff of post-graduate studies and a structured telephone interview with an expert in the field of CSR. Findings: The results indicate that postgraduate courses in the field of CSR are offered in many academic centres in Poland but the most successful programmes are found in Warsaw. The deeper analysis shows that the offer of numerous postgraduate studies in the field of CSR is rather lifeless. In many cases, postgraduate courses were not successfully launched. Research and practical limitations/implications: The list of the examples of managerial education in the field of CSR providesa very general review, which does not claim to be complete. Nonetheless, it increases the awareness for selected available managerial education in Poland and helps to identify main problems of not launching CSR postgraduate courses. Originality/value: The paper provides the key success factors for launching CSR postgraduate studies. It also provides insights to decisive reasons why many postgraduate programmes in Poland were not launched. Paper type: general review.

    Tags: corporate social responsibility, CSR, managers, managerial competencies, managerial education, postgraduate studies
    Vol. 5, No. 2, Art. 2

     

    The Development of the CSR Concept and Theories


    Paulina Księżak, Joanna Szkolmowska

     

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to study the origins and development of the concept and discuss the evolution of the views on the matter of CSR. Design/methodology/approach: The narrative literature review methodology is applied to achieve the aim of the study. The paper is divided into two main sections. In the first one, the development of the CSR concept is presented. In the second one, the variety of theories related to the issue of social responsibility of business organisations is discussed. Findings: The papers points out relations between development of the CSR concept and evolved theories referring to the matter of CSR. Research and practical limitations/implications: The article is theoretical and may be subject to further research. However, analysing the data basing only on the literature review may appear as the limitation of the study. Originality/value: A major concern of the article is the development of the CSR concept. The paper elaborates it in relation to the evolved  theories on the matter of CSR. The value that it contains plays a significant role, especially in the occurrence of development of CSR policies in companies around the world. Paper type: literature review.

    Tags:corporate social responsibility, CSR, CSR theories, Corporate Social Performance, Shareholder Value Theory, Normative Stakeholder Theory, Corporate Citizenship, responsive CSR, strategic CSR, Three Domain Model
    Vol. 5, No. 2, Art. 3

    Keywords Co-occurrence Analysis of Research on Sustainable Enterprise and Sustainable Organisation


    Andrzej Lis

     

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to identify and explore leading thematic areas within the research field related to a sustainable enterprise/organisation. The following research questions are asked to achieve the aim of the study: (1) What are the leading areas/topics of scientific inquiry in the research field? (2) What is the research status in the leading research areas/ topics? (3) What are the most up-to-date (emerging) topics in the field? Design/methodology/approach: Analysis of keywords co-occurrence is the bibliometric method used to map the research field. The methodology of systematic literature review is applied in order to conduct the analysis of research status in the identified leading thematic areas within the research field. Findings: The study identifies and discusses seven streams of research associated with the concept of a sustainable enterprise i.e. (1) sustainable development and sustainable enterprise idea, (2) sustainability, (3) strategic management and functional areas management, (4) human and organisational context, (5) sustainable manufacturing, (6) industrial context and (7) environmental management. Moreover, emerging, ‘hot’ topics attracting a growing attention of the research community in recent years are enumerated, which include such issues as: (1) the concept of the sustainable, smart and sensing enterprise, (2) sustainable enterprise resource planning and allocation, (3) building competitive advantage in a sustainable enterprise, (4) managing sales in a sustainable enterprise, (5) managing sustainable supply chains, and (6) developing sustainable enterprise excellence. Research and practical limitations/implications: Mapping of the research field and identifying emerging topics provides guidelines for further studies, which can be considered as valuable contribution to the theory and research development. However, due to the theoretical character of the study its practical implications are rather limited. Originality/value: As a bibliometric study, the paper generates the added value mainly from the point of view of the theory development. Its originality derives from a very limited number of studies which use the methodology of keywords analysis to map the research field and identify leading topics within it. Paper type: review paper.

    Tags:sustainable enterprise, sustainable organisation, keywords co-occurrence analysis, bibliometrics
    Vol 5, No 2, Art. 4

    Structure of Corporate Responsibility Reporting in Polish Organisations

     

    Jolanta Maj

     

    Purpose: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has a long history, dating back to the 1950s and undergoing since than many changes. Although environmental responsibility is one of its fundamental paradigms, there are also other dimensions, which constitute CSR: the social dimension, focusing on people and the economic dimension. Studies suggest that organisations tend to a selective disclosure of non-financial information. This may lead to disparities in the nature of non-financial information disclosed. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to determine the structure of CSR information disclosed by Polish organisations. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis has been conducted on organisations listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange. For this purpose sustainability reports made available by the organisations have been analysed using the Global Reporting Initiative Guidelines. The data has been analysed using descriptive statistics. Findings: The analysis shows, that organisations disclose non-financial information most specific in the category General Standard Disclosure. Within the category Specific Standard Disclosure, organisations are most likely to disclose social information followed by environmental information and economic information. However, within social information the disclosure level is not even. Most specific information is being disclosed in regard to the Labour Practices and Decent Work categories, while only a few organisations disclose Human Rights information. Research and practical limitations/implications: Due to the low number of organisations disclosing non-financial information in general, the results presented in this paper must be treated with caution, especially in regard to the attempt to show the structure of CSR reporting in particular industries. The practical implications of the results include the presentation of existing disparities within CSR reporting and thus point towards reporting areas, which need to be approached with more attention. Originality/value: Previous research relating to the disclosure of non-financial information focused mainly on selected industries. This paper evaluates CSR reporting in regard to all organisations listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange. Furthermore, previous research analysed mostly the disclosure level in selected categories, without showing the relation between the disclosure levels in all categories. Paper type: Research paper.

    Tags:: corporate social responsibility, sustainability reporting, triple bottom line, CSR disclosure, GRI
    Vol 5, No 2, Art. 5

    Creating Shared Value – Theoretical Shortcomings and Ways to Overcome them in Practice


    Dominika Mirońska, Inga Steuwe

     

    In the article the concept of Creating Shared Value (CSV) is shown as a result of an ongoing debate and evolution of the idea of social responsibility of the business. The critical analysis of CSV is presented with the focus on theoretical limitations. The case of Madécasse company is described to illustrate how the weaknesses of CSV can be remedied on a practical level. Basing on the case analysis the four principles can be formulated as a preliminary list of conditions that help introducing CSV by companies: societal values presence, social goals introduction into business architecture, strong relationships with local markets, and wide cooperation net building.

    Tags:: Creating Shared Value (CSV), CSR, developing countries
    Vol 5, No 2, Art. 6

    The 3rd International Scientific Conference on Positive Management and Leadership in Socially Responsible Organisations


    Andrzej Lis

     

    The 3rd International Scientific Conference on Positive Management and Leadership in Socially Responsible Organisations was conducted on 13 September 2018 at the Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management (FESM), Nicolaus Copernicus University (NCU) in Toruń. The aim of the conference was to establish the discussion platform for the researchers dealing with the aspects of positive management traditionally cultivated by the research community of the FESM NCU (cf. Stankiewicz (Ed.), 2010; Stankiewicz (Ed.), 2013). In 2018, similarly to previous editions of the conference (cf. Lis, 2016; Lis, 2017), the focus was given to the issues associated with: – “positive management including: interpersonal relationships, intra-organisational communication, trust, organisational citizenship behaviours; – leadership including: contemporary concepts of leadership, roles played by top, middle and first line managers, challenges (both external and intra-organisational) faced by leaders in business organisations, the public sector, and non-profit organisations; Journal of Corporate Responsibility and Leadership Corporate Social Responsibility: Theory, Education, Business Practice 94 Andrzej Lis – corporate responsibility to employees and other stakeholders, organisations in business environment, society and the natural environment”.

    Tags: